About Uttarakhand Tourism, Geography, Demographics, Climate, and History.
Hello, Today we are going to talk About Uttarakhand Tourism, Geography, Demographics, Climate, and History. Uttarakhand is also known as ‘Devbhumi’ or ‘God of the country’ with its scintillating natural beauty, attractive snow-capped mountains, fresh and pure water, and air, and aura of devotion attracts people from all over the world. With its unique jeep safari in the river, paragliding, rafting, trekking in Jim Corbett Park can hardly be a better place for nature and adventure tourists to love. The ‘Queen of the Hills’ Mussoorie, ‘Switzerland of India’ Almora, ‘Lake District’ Nainital, Pauri, Pithoragarh, Munsiyari, Ranikhet, Kausani, etc. are some of the other picturesque nature lovers doing something for them.
Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri ‘Char Dham’ is located in Uttarakhand. Panch Prayag – Karnaprayag, Vishnuprayag, Rudraprayag, Nandprayag, and Devprayag are five sacred places located in Devbhoomi. Haridwar and Rishikesh, two famous Hindu shrines, and Hemkund Sahib Gurdwara are located in Uttarakhand, a famous pilgrimage site for Sikhs.
Geography of Uttarakhand.
Uttarakhand located in northern India, which was separated from Uttar Pradesh on 9 November 2000. It is bordered by Nepal in the east, Tibet in the north, Himachal Pradesh in the west, Uttar Pradesh in the south, and Haryana in the northwest. The state is naturally divided into two regions, Kumaon Mandal and Garhwal Mandal. Dehradun is the state capital and the largest city in the state. The High Court of Uttarakhand is located in Nainital. The Valley of Flowers is a World Heritage Site located near Joshimath in Garhwal designated by UNESCO, known for all the absorbing beauty and diversity of all rare plants and flowers. Nanda Devi is the highest mountain in Uttarakhand with an altitude of 25,643 feet and the second-largest in India after Kanchenjunga in Sikkim. Out of the total area of 53483 km2, the state of Uttarakhand is 86% mountainous and 65% is covered by forest.
Demography of Uttarakhand.
Generally folk dance is said to be related to Uttarakhand. Depending on their place of origin, they are sometimes specifically called Kumaoni or Garhwali.
According to the latest census, Uttarakhand has a population of about 5.1 million and women has a population of 10,086,292.The population is about 4.9 million males. Rajputs and Brahmins comprise the major part of the population. The rest is distributed among the minority religion of Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Jains and Buddhists, while Hindus make up 88% of the population. Muslims constitute the largest segment of the population among the minority. Udham Singh Nagar, Haridwar and Dehradun are the most populous districts of the state. Also Visit – Nainital Ranikhet Corbett Tour
The two main tongues of the state are Kumaoni and Garhwali. There are other dialects such as Jaunsari and Bhotia, which are spoken by a relatively small percentage of tribal communities in the north and west. However, the official language of the state is Hindi and the urban sections mostly speak Hindi.
A brief history of Uttarakhand.
Archaeological evidences suggest that like ancient inscriptions, paleoloithic stone tools, rock shelters, megaliths, etc. this mountainous state had been frequently and inhabited since prehistoric times.
The findings in Chamoli and Almorah districts clearly reveal the existence of a human settlement in the state from the Stone Age. The name of this state can be found in the great Purans and Vedas and the mythological epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata. During the Vedic era, Panchal and a part of the Kuru Empire (mahajanpads) formed Uttarakhand. The Kunindas were the first major dynasties of Kumaon during the 2nd century BC. According to the findings, Kunindas practiced an early form of Shaiva.
The early presence of Buddhism is noted in the Kalsi region where the Ashoka inscriptions have been found. The states of Kumaon and Garhwal were formed during the medieval period of the state. The area fell to the Gorkha Empire of Nepal in 1803, but in 1816, after winning the British Gorkha War took over the kingdom and formed the Sugauli Treaty. Also Visit – Best of Uttarakhand Tour
Kumaon and Garhwal, having forgotten their long rivalry, brought traditions, geography, and close resemblance to various ethnic groups, and this greatly strengthened the movement for a separate state of Uttarakhand in the 1990s. Finally, Uttarakhand was born on 9 November 2000 by carving from 13 districts from Uttar Pradesh.
It became 27 states of India with Dehradun as its capital. Uttarakhand was coined for the state, which was later renamed as Uttaranchal, and again it was renamed as Uttarakhand.
Districts of Uttarakhand
Out of Uttarakhand which comprises 13 districts belonging to Garhwal region for 7 districts, and 6 districts of Kumaon region. The Garhwal region of Pauri Garhwal, Tehri Garhwal, Haridwar, Dehradun, Rudraprayag, Uttarkashi and Chamoli are covered, while Bageshwar, Almora, Nainital, Champawat, Pithoragarh and Udham Singh Nagar districts are in the Kumaon region.
Uttarakhand Travel Information
The development of the economy in the state is heavily dependent on tourism, and has been taken over by the government as a thrust area. For the development of tourism in the state, the government has set Uttarakhand Tourism Board as an apex body for tourism.
A separate and detailed tourism policy has been formulated which includes various incentives to promote the tourism industry in the state. Huge investment is being planned to promote eco tourism hotels, resorts, amusement parks, spas, ropeways, etc. Special interest is also being taken to promote the development of proper facilities for giving spiritual lessons, Reiki, etc.
Attention is being given to the development and promotion of winter sports, which bring a lot of sports lovers every year.
Climate of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand comprises two distinct climatic zones, the hilly region and the plain region. So depending on the region, the climate is quite diverse in this state.
In the summer season, the maximum temperature in the plains goes up to 400 C, where the valley as the central Himalayas registers a temperature of about 250 C and attracts people from the plains to find an escape route from unbearable heat. High regions of the Himalayas register temperatures of around 150 C during summer. Also Visit – Naini Retreat Nainital
Regular snowfall is seen during winter at high altitudes and the Himalayan mountains remain snow-clad. Subzero chilling temperatures are also recorded at higher peaks in the state while the average temperatures of the plains are seen at around 5 to 60 C in the central Himalayas and 10 to 150 C.
During the heavy rains, the eastern Himalayas have been registered for the monsoon as compared to the western part. In most parts of the state, temperatures between 15 to 250 C remain pleasant during this period from July to September.
Education in Uttarakhand
Dehradun, Mussoorie, and Nainital host some of the best boarding schools in India. Uttarakhand is a very ambitious scheme for higher education. It has around 1 central university, 10 state universities, 4 autonomous universities, 10 private universities, and 3 deemed universities. The most famous of these are Rishikesh, IIT Roorkee, IIM Kashipur, and NIT targets in Uttarakhand.
Apart from Garhwali and Kumaoni, Jaunsari, Buksha, Tharu, Bhotia, Raji are also here which have led to the wide variety of culture and tradition in the state. Ardh Kumbh Mela, Gauchar Mela, Kumbh Mela, Devidhura Mela, Nanda Devi Mela, Purnagiri Fair are the main fairs here.
A very colorful and distinctive festival can be celebrated at this stage. The major festivals are Basant Panchami, Makar Sankranti, Ganga Dussehra, Ghee Sankranti, Bat Savitri, Hill Jatra, Kandali, Janapunya, Khatarua, Phool Dei and Chhipla Jat.
Dance music of Uttarakhand
Folk songs are very popular in this hill state. The popular folk songs are Mandalas, Panwaras, Thadya, etc., and are composed to the beat of the dhol, Turri, damoun, dholki, Ranasinghe, thali, masakbhaja, and bhankora. Popular music is Chhopati, Jhumeila, Chounphula, Basanti, Mangal, and Pooja folk songs. Langvir Neeta is a famous dance for men. Barada Nati is another famous folk dance. The other popular dance is Nritya Pandava.